Tanzania: land rights v biofuel development – in pictures
Biofuels were once seen as a sustainable alternative to some fossil fuels, but evidence shows demand in EU countries for biofuels to run vehicles has led to increased greenhouse gas emissions, rising food prices and more hunger. In the Kisarawe region of Tanzania, more than 19,000 acres of land are being used for a biofuel plantation. ActionAid has been working with affected communities to help them assert their land rights
Aziza Gonjwa and her family have lost their five acres of fertile land to an international biofuel business. The biofuel development has affected 11 villages in Kisarawe
The people of Mtamba village are angry about the way the biofuel company has treated them. The UK government includes biofuels in its energy plans, and the EU has targets for the use of biofuels. Until consumer countries reduce their biofuel targets, developments are likely to continueShare45
A plantation where an inedible crop called jatropha is grown to produce biofuels. The biofuel company has acquired 19,753 acres of villagers' land in Kisarawe
The oil from this Jatropha plant will be refined to produce biofuels for road vehicles, planes or power stations. It will be sold in ready markets, such as Europe
Amina Ali and her family, from Mhaga village, used to earn the equivalent of £150 per month selling charcoal and handicrafts made from material gathered from the common land. She lost her living when she lost access to the land and her husband had no alternative but to work at the biofuel plantation for £50 a month. Now even that job has gone
Athumani Mkambala with his family. As chairman of Magda village committee, he remembers the promises made by the biofuel company to build clinics, schools, roads and boreholes for clean water, and to provide employment and livelihood opportunities. 'All these promises remain empty,' he says
Halima Ali from Mhaga village says: 'Our income comes from farming. We have been stopped from going to the land now, from harvesting it. I get something small from my tailoring business – a few shillings, praise God'
The former water sources became off-limits to the communities, and the only accessible well was nearly three miles from Halima Ali's village. 'During dry seasons we get water from our neighbouring community and we walk for almost four hours,' she says
Halima Weli lives with her husband, daughter and three of her grandchildren. 'We can only say that they want to benefit themselves. When they took away the land, it affected all those who were living on that land in one way or another'
The biofuel development is also having a big impact on Kisarawe's children. There is little money to provide them with an education, and there is no land to inherit. ActionAid is working with affected communities to help them gain their rights