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    1. Mama wawilii's Avatar
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      Default English learning thread

      Mimi Mama Wawili (naamini na wengine wengi) nina nia sana ya kujifunza na kuboresha uwezo wangu wa kutumia Lugha ya Kiingereza. Nimeomba ushauri na nimepata jibu kuwa kuna washiriki wengi hapa JF wana uwezo wa kunikuza katika hii lugha ngeni ambayo kwangu ni Mtihani katika kuweza kuitumia. Naomba ushauri wenu lakini zaidi naomba kujifunza. Kila ambae anaona anaweza kuwa ni Mwalimu naomba niwe mwanafunzi wake katika hili.

      Nitajitahidi sana post zinazofuata nitumie Kiingereza ambacho nina hakika kabisa kuwa kitapinda; na hapo ndipo najikabidhi kwenu ili kiwe kinyoofu. Nitakuwa huru sijali kukosea sababu najua ndio njia pekee naweza tambua ni kwa kiasi gani nakosea hasa nikitegemea masahihisho toka kwenu.

      Natanguliza shukrani kwa washiriki wote wataoweza nisaidia katika mapungufu yangu ya lugha hii ya Kiingereza.

      Mama Wawili.




    2. Tokyo40's Avatar
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      Default Re: English learning thread

      Going to or Will

      When we want to talk about future facts or things we believe to be true about the future, we use 'will'.

      The President will serve for four years.

      The boss won't be very happy.
      I'm sure you'll like her.
      I'm certain he'll do a good job.

      If we are not so certain about the future, we use 'will' with expressions such as 'probably', 'possibly', 'I think', 'I hope'.

      I hope you'll visit me in my home one day.

      She'll probably be a great success.
      I'll possibly come but I may not get back in time.

      I think we'll get on well.

      If you are making a future prediction based on evidence in the present situation, use 'going to'.

      Not a cloud in the sky. It's going to be another warm day.

      Look at the queue. We're not going to get in for hours.

      The traffic is terrible. We're going to miss our flight.

      Be careful! You're going to spill your coffee.

      At the moment of making a decision, use 'will'. Once you have made the decision, talk about it using 'going to'.

      I'll call Jenny to let her know. Sarah, I need Jenny's number. I'm going to call her about the meeting.

      I'll come and have a drink with you but I must let Harry know. Harry, I'm going to have a drink with Simon.
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping

    3. Tokyo40's Avatar
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      WILL - other uses

      Older textbooks often refer to 'will' as 'the future tense' and this has confused a lot of learners.

      It is important to remember that when we talk about the future we cannot always use 'will' and that when we use 'will' we are not always talking about the future.

      Here 'will' is clearly referring to the future.

      If I speak to her, I'll tell her about it.
      I'll probably visit Sue when I go to Oxford.

      Next birthday she'll be 32. Or so she says.

      In these examples, however, 'will' is referring to events happening at the present.

      The car won't start.
      If that's the phone, I'll get it.
      Will you have another cup of coffee?

      When we use 'will' referring to the present, the idea being expressed is usually one of 'showing willingness' or 'will power'.

      My baby won't stop crying. I've tried everything and I'm really exhausted.

      I am the boss. You will do as I say.

      I need quiet to write this but he will keep on talking to me. I wish he would leave me alone.

      We use 'will' for requests, orders, invitations and offers.

      Will you give me a hand?
      Will you please take a seat?
      Will you have some cake?
      I'll help you.

      We use 'will' to make promises or threats.

      I'll do it at once.
      I'll phone him back immediately.
      I won't forget this.
      I'll get my own back some day.

      We use 'will' for habit.

      A cat will always find a warm place to sleep.

      My car won't go any faster than this.

      We use 'will' for deduction.

      I expect he'll want us to get on with it.

      The phone's ringing. That will be Mark.

      Look again at all of these examples of 'will'. They are all to do with the present or are 'timeless'.
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping

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      Default Re: English learning thread

      DO and MAKE


      DO and MAKE are two verbs which frequently confuse students.

      Here we will learn about the difference between Do and Make and when to use each one.

      When do you use DO?
      DO is used as follows:

      1. DO is used when talking about work, jobs or tasks. Note, they do not produce any physical object.

      Have you done your homework?
      I have guests visiting tonight so I should start doing the housework now.

      I wouldn't like to do that job.

      2. DO is used when we refer to activities in general without being specific. In these cases, we normally use words like thing, something, nothing, anything, everything etc.

      Hurry up! I've got things to do!
      Don't just stand there – do something!
      Is there anything I can do to help you?

      3. We sometimes use DO to replace a verb when the meaning is clear or obvious. This is more common in informal spoken English:

      Do I need to do my hair? (do = brush or comb)

      Have you done the dishes yet? (done = washed)

      I'll do the kitchen if you do the lawns (do = clean, do = mow)

      Remember Do can also be as an auxiliary verb (for making questions in the present tense - Do you like chocolate?)

      When do you use MAKE?
      MAKE is for producing, constructing, creating or building something new.

      It is also used to indicate the origin of a product or the materials that are used to make something.

      His wedding ring is made of gold.
      The house was made of adobe.
      Wine is made from grapes.
      The watches were made in Switzerland

      We also use MAKE for producing an action or reaction:

      Onions make your eyes water.
      You make me happy.
      It’s not my fault. My brother made me do it!

      You make after certain nouns about plans and decisions:

      make the arrangements,
      make a choice
      We use Make with nouns about speaking and certain sounds:

      make a comment
      make a noise
      make a speech

      We use Make with Food, Drink and Meals:

      make a cake
      make a cup of tea
      make dinner
      Compare Do and Make

      A: You have to make a cake for Simon.

      B: I’ll do it later.

      Notice how in the response the verb DO is used. This is because the meaning is clear and to avoid saying “I’ll make it later.” which could sound repetitive.
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping

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      Default Re: English learning thread

      Speak and Talk: Difference


      There is not much difference between speak and talk. They are usually both possible in most situations.

      Formality

      Talk is less formal than speak. In fact, talk is the usual word to refer to informal communication.

      I want to talk to you.
      I think you should talk to him.
      I don’t know why she has stopped talking to me.

      I would like to talk to you about the film I watched yesterday.

      Stop talking nonsense.
      We talked for an hour.

      Speak is often used for exchanges in more serious or formal situations.

      Speak your mind.
      I was so shocked that I could hardly speak.

      They are not speaking anymore.
      Actions speak louder than words.

      Speak is not usually used before sense, nonsense and other words with similar meanings.

      Lectures etc

      Talk is often used for the act of giving an informal lecture. Speak is preferred for more formal lectures.

      Compare:

      This is Ms Susan Fernandez, who is going to talk to us about cookery.

      This is Professor Susan Fernandez, who is going to speak to us on recent developments in stem-cell therapy.

      Speak is the usual word to refer to a person’s ability to speak a language.

      She can speak English. (NOT She can talk English.)

      She speaks ten languages fluently.
      Speak is also the word to refer to speech on the phone.

      Could I speak to Alice, please? (More natural than ‘Could I talk to Alice?’)
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping

    6. Tokyo40's Avatar
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      Default Re: English learning thread

      SAY and TELL


      The meanings of these two verbs, TELL and SAY are similar.

      The main meaning of TELL is to "say or write something to someone."

      The main meaning of SAY is to "use your voice to express something in words."

      However, there are some clear and easy rules to follow about when to use these two words, as shown below.

      Usage rules for TELL and SAY:

      TELL is used only to instruct or inform, and when the receiver of the information is included as an object of the verb.

      Do not use for quotes.
      Has she told you the good news, yet?
      Please tell us your name and occupation.

      The police officer told him to stop. [NOT The police officer told him, "Stop."]

      Can you tell me what happened?

      SAY is used for exact quotes, and when the receiver isn’t mentioned in the sentence:

      “Good morning,” said the woman behind the counter.

      I just stopped by to say hello.
      I said three words before he interrupted me again.

      Say is also used to express opinions:
      I wouldn't say that he's a great guitarist [=I don't think he's a great guitarist].

      They say that you should drink eight glasses of water a day.
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping


    7. Open school's Avatar
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      Default Re: English learning thread

      Quote By Tokyo40 View Post
      SAY and TELL


      The meanings of these two verbs, TELL and SAY are similar.

      The main meaning of TELL is to "say or write something to someone."

      The main meaning of SAY is to "use your voice to express something in words."

      However, there are some clear and easy rules to follow about when to use these two words, as shown below.

      Usage rules for TELL and SAY:

      TELL is used only to instruct or inform, and when the receiver of the information is included as an object of the verb.

      Do not use for quotes.
      Has she told you the good news, yet?
      Please tell us your name and occupation.

      The police officer told him to stop. [NOT The police officer told him, "Stop."]

      Can you tell me what happened?

      SAY is used for exact quotes, and when the receiver isn’t mentioned in the sentence:

      “Good morning,” said the woman behind the counter.

      I just stopped by to say hello.
      I said three words before he interrupted me again.

      Say is also used to express opinions:
      I wouldn't say that he's a great guitarist [=I don't think he's a great guitarist].

      They say that you should drink eight glasses of water a day.
      My humble Tokyo40 I salute you for your helps.

      From that statement above I would want know why we write HAS SHE TOLD YOU A GOOD NEWS, YET? instead of starting by the words SHE HAS? What a different the uses of Has she and She has?
      Tokyo40 likes this.

    8. Tokyo40's Avatar
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      Default English learning thread

      Quote By Open school View Post
      My humble Tokyo40 I salute you for your helps.

      From that statement above I would want know why we write HAS SHE TOLD YOU A GOOD NEWS, YET? instead of starting by the words SHE HAS? What a different the uses of Has she and She has?
      1. SHE had already told you the story.
      Ameshakuhadithia.

      2. HAD SHE told you the story, yet?Je, ameshakuhadithia?

      The sentence that started with "Had she... is in question form.

      She had already told you the good news.
      Ameshakuambia habari njema.

      Had she told you the good news, yet?
      Je, ameshakuambia habari njema?
      Cooly observe, calmly deal with things, hold your position, hide your capabilities, bide your time, accomplish things where possible - Deng Xiaoping


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